Robert Fortenbaugh (1892-1959) was a historian and Lutheran clergyman who headed the history department at Gettysburg College from 1923 until his death. He is best known for Lincoln and Gettysburg: The Story of Lincoln’s Immortal Address at Gettysburg (1949). With James Tarman, he wrote a textbook, Pennsylvania: The Story of a Commonwealth (1940 and later editions). The Fortenbaugh Memorial Lecture on a Civil War topic is held each November at Gettysburg College.